Chamomile is one of the most popular medicinal plants in many countries. In Slavic culture daisy symbolizes wealth, love, innocence. Chamomile belongs to Asteraceae family. It is an annual fragrant herb with branched stems. Leaves are double-pinnately, with narrowly linear lobes. Medium-sized flower calathids consist of white boundary false ray and median yellow tubular flowers. Blue Chamomile differs from horse daisy with strong aroma and hollow from inside oblong-conical receptacle. Its height is 20-40 cm.
Chamomile calathids contain as follows: flavonoids, luteolin, apigenin and quercetin derivatives, coumarins (umbelliferone and herniarin), polymer compounds, phytosterols, freeorganicacids (anthemic, caprylic, salicylic, isovaleric), polysaccharides, mucous agents and tannins, amarines, vitamins (as corbic and nicotinic acid),carotene, proteins, gum.
The following are among chamomile properties: disinfecting, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, analgesic, sedative, soothing, wound – healing, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, hemostatic, anti-allergic.